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Captain S. M. Eaton, Signal Officer/Military Division of West Mississippi, to Lt. Col. C. T. Christensen, Assistant Adjutant General/ Military Division of West Mississippi, from New Orleans, La., 18 January 1865:

"...Lars Larsen, a deserter from [O. G.] Jones' (rebel) battery, Brownsville, Tex., makes the following statement - He left Brownsville January 5, 1865. States that there were about 1,100 soldiers at or near Brownsville and 700 at or near Ringgold Barracks. All are mounted. At Galveston (which he visited in September, 1864) there were about 1,400 infantry acting as heavy artillery, and two batteries containing 8 guns and about 170 men. There were four forts, viz. Jackson, Fort Point, Magruder, and South Battery, each mounting two guns. Two forts (Bankhead and Moore) had no guns at that time. There were breast-works around the city. He states also that the crops in Texas during the past year have been heavy..."

ibid., dated 26 January 1865:

"...A further examination of the deserter Lars Larsen discloses the fact that there are four gun-boats in and around Galveston Bay, viz. the Colonel Bell, mounting two guns; the Diana, well armed; the Bayou City, mounting two guns; and the John F. Carr. There is a small supply boat (the Island City) in the bay. There is at the mouth of the Brazos River a stern-wheel steamer, the Lucy Gwin, and at Sabine the Josiah H. Bell, mounting one 32-pounder and two mountain howitzers (sixpounders)."

[Official Records, series I, volume 48, part 2, p. 574]

The State of Texas
County of Cherokee

On this day the 8th of January 1863 personally appeared before the undersigned, an acting Justice of the Peace in and for the county and State aforesaid; Torger Anderson, who, after being duly sworn according to laws, deposeth and sayeth that he, Torger Anderson, is the father of Anton, deceased a Private in Captain [R. H.] Gaston's Company [H], First Regiment of Texas Volunteers, commanded by Col. [Alexis T.] Rainey, in the service of the Confederate States in the present war with the United States. That the said Anton Anderson entered the service at Kickapoo in Anderson county, Texas, on or about the 30th [20th] day of March, 1862, and that the aforesaid Anton Anderson died on or about the 15th [17th] day of September, 1862, somewhere in Maryland, leaving Torger Anderson, the father, the only surviving heir, he, Anton Anderson, having no wife or children. And that Torger Anderson makes this deposition for the purpose of obtaining from the government of the Confederate States, whatever may have been due the said Anton Anderson at the time of his death, for pay bounty or other allowance for his service as volunteer as aforesaid.

Subscribed and sworn to Torger Anderson (signed)
Before me this 8th day of January, 1863 N. M. Lain (signed) J. P.

And on the same day and year as aforesaid also appeared before me a Justice of the Peace as aforesaid, Thomas Smith, who is well known to me and whom I hereby certify to be a person [of] veracity and credibility, who, having been by me duly sworn, says on oath that he is well acquainted with Torger Anderson, the claimant, and also well knew Anton Anderson, the deceased soldier herein mentioned; and that the statements made under oath by the said Torger Anderson, the claimant, as to relationship to the deceased soldier is true and correct in every particular to the best of his knowledge and belief, and that the said Thomas Smith is wholly disinterested.

Sworn to and subscribed Thomas Smith (signed)
before me this the 8th day of January, 1863 N. M. Lain (signed) J. P.

The State of Texas
County of Cherokee

I hereby certify that N. M. Lain, before whom the aforegoing affidavits of Torger Anderson and Thomas Smith appear to have been made, and whose genuine signature is subscribed thereto, was at the time of making and signing the same, a Justice of the Peace in and for the County and State aforesaid, duly commissioned and sworn, and to all whose official acts as such full faith and credit is and ought to be given, as well in Courts of Justice as thereout.

Given under my hand and seal of office in the Town of Rusk this the 12th day of January, 1863
M. P. Rittain (signed) of Cherokee County

Torger Anderson received $ 53.25 from the C.S. Treasury Department on June 9, 1863.

Pass Hospital, Tyler, Texas, April 9th, 1864

I certify that I have carefully examined Private A. M. Linberg, Co (B), 31st Dismounted Cavalry and found him incapable of performing the duties of a soldier because of varicose veins of both legs, extensive on the left. Said Linberg says that he has worked in the shoemaker trade. I recommend that he be detailed in Quarter Masters Department to make shoes.

I. H. M. Gregor (signed)
Surgeon, P.A.C.S.

PS. Said A. M. Linberg desires to be ordered to report to Waco if there is a shoe establishment there, if not to the nearest post to his county for duty.

Lindberg received his detail and was sent to work in the shoemaker shop in Tyler, Smith county. However, he had apparently not obtained a proper leave, as he was apprehended in late October, 1864, and taken to Rusk (Cherokee county). Two months later (22 Dec 64) he was brought back to his regiment at Minden, La., under arrest. He must have been released shortly afterwards, though, and the March 1865 regimental return shows him to be harness maker in the regiment (31st Texas Cavalry).

State of Texas
County of Galveston

Before the undersigned Justice of the Peace within and for the County and State aforesaid personally appeared Oliver Dahle, who, upon oath, does say that he is a mariner, that from the age of fifteen he has been following the sea in the character of a seaman upon various vessels, and in different parts of the ocean. That on about the 22d day of May 1862, being on board the steamer Lafayette, belonging to Mr. Marke of Galveston and preparing to run the blockade, in the capacity of mate of said schooner, afficiant was conscripted by the enrolling officer of the county of Galveston illegally, and was turned over to Capt. Thomas Chubb in command of the Bay Police in the harbour of Galveston. Afficiant says that he remained on board the guard boat to which he was assigned to duty for about the space of three months, during the service required of him as a sailor, when he was turned over to "Co. B", Cook's Regiment of Artillery [1st Texas Heavy Artillery Regiment], in which Company he has been held to service since said time. Afficiant says the conscription was unlawful, because he was at the time a mate on board of a merchant vessel in the Confederate States merchant marine service, that he is a sailor from his youth, and that he is now desirous of reentering upon that duty, by which, under the law, he believes that he can be of more advantage to the country which he is serving than by soldiering, of which he knows but little and of which his past life upon the sea has not qualified him for. Afficiant further states that others upon the same schooner who were only seamen before the mast have been discharged upon application, upon the grounds on which afficiant seeks his own - amongst whom he mentions the name of Andrew Nelson. Afficiant further states that he is a good navigator as well as seaman, and that it is difficult to procure for the merchant marine service one who is qualified both to superintend the working of a vessel and the navigation.

Oliver Dahle (signed)
Subscribed and sworn to this first day of November A.D. 1863, before me,
J. W. Moore (signed) Justice of the Peace, Galveston County, Texas

F. Marke being sworn says that he fully confirms the foregoing statement of Oliver Dahle - that at the time of the conscription of said Dahle, he was mate on board of the schooner Lafayette owned by me in the Confederate States Merchant Marine Service, and prepared to run the blockade, said schooner being regularly cleared at the Custom House and the usual bonds given.

F. Marke (signed)
Subscribed and sworn to this first day of November A.D. 1863, before me,
J. W. Moore (signed) Justice of the Peace, Galveston County, Texas

State of Texas
County of Galveston

Before the undersigned Justice of the Peace within and for said county personally appeared Sidney Sendder, who, being sworn, upon oath does depose and say that he is well acquainted with Oliver Dahle and has been so acquainted for the last four years. That he knows said Dahle to be a mariner by calling, and that for some time this afficiant had said Dahle in his employment as such in the Confederate States Merchant Marine Service on board a vessel of which this afficiant was Captain, and that he found said Dahle to be in all respects a faithful and skillful seaman. Afficiant further says that he is now and has been for some time past the enrolling officer for the County of Galveston, and that said Dahle was conscripted by his predecessor in office.

Sidney Sendder (signed)
Subscribed and sworn to this 2d day of November A.D. 1863, before me,
J. W. Moore (signed) Justice of the Peace, Galveston County, Texas

Galveston, Nov. 3d/63
Capt. Edmund P. Turner
A. A. Gen'l.

SIR: I herewith enclose to you certain papers upon which I ask a discharge from the service in Co. "B", Cook's Regt. Artillery, and a transfer to the Merchant Marine Service of the Confederate States, to which I belonged when unlawfully conscripted. I respectfully ask immediate attention to the papers herewith submitted, as my services are at once required as a navigator on board one of the Merchant Marine vessels, now about to run the blockade.
Oliver Dahle

Oliver Dahle apparently did not receive the discharge he asked for, although he was detailed to serve aboard various steamers in Galveston Bay, and, in January 1864, placed on duty with the engineering department
(1858/4) Aadne Holverson - Private, Co E, Frontier Texas Cavalry Regiment

"It is said that he was always slow. When he was escaping from the army, he got on his horse without untying it and Skimland came up and cut the rope. They stayed hidden away in the mountains near Norse [Bosque county] to escape detection. Jacob Olson brought them something to eat. One time he could not find them. They got tired of sneaking away and went back to the army. On the evening of their going back, Mrs. Olson put a table on the yard and gave them something to eat. - which Jacob Olson says was not much. Just a few minutes after they had left, Judge Schrutchfield [sic] came to get them. It seemed that he did not care to get them. He took a candle and went into one of the rooms to look around and found it half full of wheat. He said there was a lot of wheat. A short time afterwards, the boys deserted again. They had a hard time."

- Jacob Olson, Early Scandinavian Pioneers of Bosque County, Texas

(1851/20) Otto B. Swenson - Corporal, Co E, Frontier Texas Cavalry Regiment

"..Knowing very little about the nature of the conflict, Swenson simply had no interest in the fighting. Since he had not been issued a uniform, Swenson solved his problem by walking away from his company, drifting around in enemy and neutral territory until the war officially ended, and then leisurely walking back to Bosque county."

- William C. Pool, History of Bosque County, Texas, p. 42

(1841/3) Peter Norboe

"After the outbreak of the Civil War, he drove a herd of 225 big steers to the east, selling a few at Memphis and the rest to the Confederacy."

J. Evetts Haley, Charles Goodnight: Cowman and Plainsman, p. 130 note

Some of the Norwegians who did not serve in the Confederate military, were employed as civilians for the CS Army or Government. The names of five of these men have been recorded.

(1858/21) Andrew ALBERTSON -Shoemaker for the Army, Tyler (or Mt. Sylvan), Texas

B: Anders Andersen Berge 21 Apr 1830, Holt, Norway. D: 187?, Smith county (Mt. Sylvan?), Texas.
[could have been at Jefferson QM Depot or Mound Prairie]

(1859/17) Ole J ARNEBERG - Blacksmith & Gunsmith for the Army, Mound Prairie QM Depot [?], Texas

B: Ole Jensen Arneberg 9 Jul 1811, Romedal, Norway. "...He was a blacksmith and gunsmith [for] the army...at home, exempt..:" - Early Scandinavian Pioneers of Bosque County, Texas, undated typescript by Jacob Olson. Description (according to emigration records): 5'4" tall, slender, blue eyes, dark hair. D: Jun 1884, Bosque county, Texas (Norse?).

(1850/102) Canute CANUTESON - Postmaster at Norman Hill, Bosque county, Texas

B: Knud Knudsen 1802 in Norway. Canuteson "had served as postmaster at Norman Hill since its establishment [and] was retained in that capacity by the Confederate government throughout the war" - Ella Lonn, Foreigners in the Confederacy, p. 88 (Gloucester, Mass., 1965). Note, however, that Lonn erroneously states that it was Ole Canuteson (nephew of Canute and a private of Co C, 30th Texas Cavalry Regiment) who was postmaster at Norman Hill. D: 11 Jul 1886, Bosque county, Texas (Norse).

(1850/94) John HANSON - Blacksmith & Gunsmith for the Army, Mound Prairie Armory

B: Hans Jensen Øvernes 11 Jun 1831, Nes Verk, Holt, Norway. "..At Mound Prairie, where there is established a large gunfactory, and where my partner, John Hanson, is employed.." - letter from John R. Reierson to Oscar Reierson, dated Prairieville, Texas, 22 Dec 1862. D: ?

(1850/38) Ole M OLSON - Wagonmaker for the Army, Jefferson, Texas

B: Ole Olsen Schulestad 16 May 1832, Østre Vimme, Åmli, Norway. Employed in the army's wagon factory at Jefferson. Listed in Martin Ulvestad, Nordmændene i Amerika, vol. I, p. 318. D: 1897, Bosque county, Texas (Clifton).

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